Auteur Topic: Digha Nikaya 31 Singalovada-Sutta  (gelezen 7166 keer)

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Offline Viriya

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Digha Nikaya 31 Singalovada-Sutta
« Gepost op: 21-02-2007 23:01 »
Ik heb een forum opgezet voor Buddhistische jongeren. Ik heb hier voor ook al een stukje geschreven over DN31. Ik dacht het ook wel iets is voor dit forum.


The Singalovada-Sutta,  Digha Nikaya 31
The discourse to Sigala
The layperson?s code of discipline in a teen Buddhist perspective.

You can find a translation here and here.

This sutta has been spoken out when Sigala was worshipping the various quarters. The Buddha said him what the right way is to worship the 6 quarters.
This sutta gives advices on how you should live if you want to have a good life now and a good life in the future and it?s especially spoken out for a younger man. This makes it very special because almost every sutta is told to one or more monks, the sutta is one of the few told to a normal person to become a layman.

I?ll start with the first part. The first part is about what you should avoid; the second part tells about good friends and bad friends and there characterics; the last part how the worship the 6 quarters.

The four vices
"What are the four vices in conduct that he has eradicated? The destruction of life, householder, is a vice and so are stealing, sexual misconduct, and lying. These are the four vices that he has eradicated."

Thus spoke the Exalted One. And when the Master had thus spoken, he spoke yet again:

Killing, stealing, lying and adultery,
These four evils the wise never praise.?

These four vices are well known and it?s something really obvious that killing, stealing, lying and sexual misconduct are bad things for you and for the whole society. However I'll stand still and bring up some topics where discussions are necessary.
It can be hard to tell the truth if it seems like lying is better. In the long way it?s better to always tell the truth, maybe you lose some friends and some will hate you for it. That will change if they get used to it and you will be a better friend for them and equitable for non-friends.
Killing. What do we need to do with our food consumption, can we buy meat? Do we kill if we eat meat? It?s on forehand killed but it?s killed for a customer and that?s you, so they killed it for you. They intensionally destructed the life of the animal for you so it isn?t far away from killing yourself. I?d say, try to eat as few meat as possible. If you can make a choice you choose the right one.  
Another translation for stealing is taking what isn?t given. I prefer the last one because it implies much more. You not only steal when you take it from someone else, but you also steal if you don?t have the approval from someone else. It?s like this: you mother baked some cookies and they were cooling down in the kitchen, you?re hungry and somewhat moody so you?re first reaction is: ?Yummie, cookies?. Can you take them without problems? Maybe you do but it could be that the cookies were made for wellfair. Taking one in the second situation will unplease your mother so it is taking without it?s given, and that makes it stealing.
What is sexual misconduct? Having sex with people without they want it (this evolves not only raping but also your girlfriend or boyfriend whom doesn?t feel like it), having sex with animals, having sex with children.  These are very clear but what about masturbating? Or watching porn? These two don?t sound so bad and they aren?t as bad as the first ones, however they change the way you look to having sex and what that means for you and your partner. Masturbating and porn is driven on lust and desires, it shows your partner only as a sexual being who wants to ?get it?.

"Harming living beings, taking what is not given,
False speech, and pursuing the loved one of another:
These the wise surely do not praise."

The four causes of harmful deeds
"What are the four causes of harmful deeds? Going astray through desire, hatred, delusion, or fear, the noble disciple does harmful deeds. But, young man, not going astray through desire, hatred, delusion, or fear, the noble disciple does not perform harmful deeds."

All kinds of desire, hatred, delusion and fear will make you do harmful deeds so don?t keep yourself blind to your ambitions, opinions, fears, irritations, frustrations, feelings, thoughts, etcetera. Know who you are and how you react on your thoughts, don?t let the lead your life. Be aware and be in control. Hate, desires, delusions and fears can make a mess of your life. You also can say no to it. Some say, count to ten and than react but this is truly a fine tool on your path.    
Why do you do harmful deeds by desire? Your desires come in conflict with the desires from somebody else. Desires let you choose between to things, desires can make you lie and steal. You?re crossing lines to get what you want. Making more money or being the best in your sport, having the coolest bike or be the most popular boy/girl of the school. Such desires are nonsense however a lot of people have those desires and sometimes they will go over bodies to become that. Most wars are about who gets what, oil, gaz, benefitfull ground or just power. Desires bring conflict.
Why do you do harmful deeds by delusion? In delusion you don?t know what is good or bad. You can?t judge on your ethical system but you judge randomly. Your judging will become a guess. Guessing can bring you results you didn?t expect. It?s foolish to speak, work or do without you know which results it will give you.
Why do you do harmful deeds by fear? In differs from delusion because fear makes you react on certain way that you?re only pushing the fear away. You have multiple options to find some kind of solution, most people try to run for it. In the run you are not aware of what the effects of your actions can be.  If it hurts someone, you don?t care, just keep on running, blindly.
 Why do you do deeds by hate? It?s almost the same as by delusion but the difference is that you intentionally do evil. So you?re bringing up the worst in you and than throw it out on an object or another human being. You?ll regret this in the end and you will see the result immediately: suffer.

?Whoever through desire, hate or fear,
Or ignorance should transgress the Dhamma,
All his glory fades away
Like the moon during the waning half.
Whoever through desire, hate or fear,
Or ignorance never transgresses the Dhamma,
All his glory ever increases
Like the moon during the waxing half.?
  
Met metta,
Django
« Laatst bewerkt op: 06-02-2011 20:59 door Katinka - Boeddha hoekje »
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lord rainbow

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Re: Digha Nikaya 31 Singalovada-Sutta
« Reactie #1 Gepost op: 18-07-2008 19:59 »
heej django,

complimenten man.

hartstikke duidelijke site geworden.

goed gedaan!

Offline Viriya

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Re: Digha Nikaya 31 Singalovada-Sutta
« Reactie #2 Gepost op: 20-07-2008 00:41 »
Dankjewel,

Vind je de verschuivende teksten toch niet hinderlijk?
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lord rainbow

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Re:Digha Nikaya 31 Singalovada-Sutta
« Reactie #3 Gepost op: 10-02-2011 17:21 »
heejjjj....ze zijn verdwenen.....